CATHOLIC LANDLORDS

The Caddells were were one of the few Catholic families to retain ownership to landed estates in Ireland. The main branch of the Caddell family settled on the Meath side of the Delvin river, in the 12th century.  Whitecastle or Snowton castle' beyond Naul is thought to have been built by a Richard Caddell in the 13th century (now incorporated into Naul Park House).

The Caddells were Cambro-Norman in origin. Cadwal is a Welsh personal name, variously spelt Caddel, Caddell, Cadel and Cadell, and is the equivalent of the Irish Cathal (strong in battle). They seem to have been relatives of Hugh de Lacy and settled on the borders of Meath and Dublin in the 12th century.  A Caddell, residing at The Naul, reputedly gave fifteen acres to the Lord Deputy, as he embarked upon an expedition against O'Neill of Tyrone. Dean Butler's 'History of Trim' also mentions Caddell.

At the beginning of the 16th century, a Richard Caddell de Nall came into possession of the Harbourstown estate. Herbertstown (aka Harbourstown / Harbertstown / Harbetsson alias Darleston alias Damsellston) is one of 18 townlands that make up the parish of Stamullin

In 1649, Cromwell's forces en route to Drogheda,  passed through Herbertstown. There, they plundered and sacked the Caddell house, and desecrated the chapel, lopping off the arms of a life-size statue of the Redeemer taken down from the Cross. During the night, while camped in one of the fields, Cromwell's soldiers and horses were over-run by vermin and stricken with a foul disease. Hence the field became known as the Lousy Lea. 

The Caddell family were evicted by Cromwell's General De Fyne in 1649. The Civil Survey 1654-58 shows Caddells in Moorestown, Swords, Herbertstown and The Naul (Co. Dublin) and at Dameselstown, Heathstown, Baronstown, Great and Little Mooresydes, and Flemingstown (Co. Meath).

THE "O'FERRALL CADELL" INHERITANCE

In the mid 18th century Richard Caddell succeeded to estates in counties Sligo, Roscommon and Galway, by the will of his uncle, James Farrell of Kilmore, county Roscommon. The will stipulated that he take on the name O'Ferrall

585 FARRELL, JAMES, Killmore, Co. Roscommon, Esq.
25 July 1738. Codicil 18 Aug. 1738. Full, 3 1/2 pp., 27 Jan.
1738/39.
Wife Jean Farrell als. Blake. My brother-in-law Peter Daly of Quansbury and
my kinsman Denis Daly of Raford, both Co. Galway, Esqrs., trustees and
exors. (revoked in codicil). In default of issue male or female of my own
... estates etc.... to John Kelly, junr., second son of my nephew Jno. Kelly
of Clonlyon, and his heirs; they are to assume surname of Farrell and take
the coat of arms of Farrell. Richard Caddell eldest son of my sister Cecila
Caddell als. Farrell by my brother-in-law Thos. Caddell; Robert Caddell,
second son of said sister Celia.
Denis Kelly the youngest son of my
brother-in-law Jno. Kelly of Clonlyon deceased. My sister Anstas Kirwan als.
Farrell, her husband Richard Kirwan. My nephew Arthur French (trustee); my
nieces Margery and Rose French, sisters of said nephew. My nephew Patrick
French their brother. My nieces Fras. Kelly and Hellen Kelly, two of the
daughters of my brother-in-law John Kelly. My nephew John Kelly their
brother. Bridget Nettervill, daughter of my brother-in-law Patrick
Nettervill. Edmd. Nettervill, Esq., (a trustee named in codicil). My sister
Rose Farrell. Great loss sustained by my poor kinsman James Costelloe,
brother to William Costelloe of Tullaghan, Co. Mayo, in his long lawsuit
with my late mother.

All my estate in the counties of Galway, Roscommon and Sligo. My estate in
the north of Ireland in the counties of Down and Monaghan. Lease of houses
and plots in Meeting House Lane [Dublin].

Witnesses: Richd. Shillen, merchant, Patrick Missett, wool draper, both of
Dublin, Myles McDonough, clerk to Peter Daly, Dublin, Esq.

Codicil witnessed by: Thos. Caddell, Herbertstown, Co. Meath, gent., Rich.

In 1795, when young Richard came of age, he took a "grand tour" of the continent of Europe, as was customary for young men of his quality. Fr. Michale O'Hanlon of Dowth, curate of Slane, having studied at Bordeaux, was appointed to accompany Caddell. Their trip included a stay at the Irish College in Paris.

In 1806 Richard O'Ferrall Caddell married Paulina Southwell, daughter of the 2nd Viscount Southwell of Castle Mattress, Co. Limerick. 

In the Dublin Evening Post, Saturday 13 March 1819, through his solicitor George McGusty (42 Northumberland Street, Dublin) Caddell advertised his lands in counties Roscommon, Sligo and Galway TO LET for a lease of one life or 31 years.  In Co. Roscommon alone, O'F. Caddell owned 3,300 acres. 

In the district of Croghan he advertised: Ballinvilla, Drumerr (Ballinavilla & Dremor), Canbo (Camboe), Finnor (Fennor & Lough), Ballenanreagh & Lough, Carrowreagh (Carrowregh, Skelp & Sheevolagh), Derraun (Derrane), Drumlion (Drumlyn) Carrowmore, and Ardcolagh (par Kilmacumsy, where his agent George M McGusty was the immediate lessor of Lisphillip and Runnacocka). In the district of Kilmore, he advertised:  Meelick, Cartroon Bawn, Feeragh (Feeraghmore), Scrabbagh. In the district of Bellanagare/Castlerea, he advertised: Caddellbrook (Ballinadullaghan) 93 acres at farm #6 which was taken up by Mary Dillon's husband. 

 

In 1834, the artist Thomas Brigford painted portraits of Richard O'Farrell Caddell and the Hon. Mrs Caddell (held by the RHA).

In 1837, “Harbourstown" the home of Mr. O'Farrell Caddell, was described by Lewis as "a handsome modern mansion, with a desmesne comprising more than 400 acres tastefully laid out and well-planted, and commanding an extensive view from the summit of a tower within the grounds, which forms a conspicuous landmark to mariners". 

During the famine Caddell had a gazebo (known as “Caddells Folly”)  erected  as a poor relief construction project. As the story goes, Richard Caddell stood on the roof of his gazebo to view the Bellewestown Races (after refusing to attend, due to a falling-out with the organisers).

His only son Robert O'Ferrall Caddell would go on to inherit the Caddell estate in 1856.

A GOOD LANDLORD

In  June 20 1837, Douglas Boyd of Croghan and Killucan wrote, in the Freeman's Journal of his pleasure to hear that Richard O Ferrall Caddell had been introduced to the General Association. Caddell was “one of the best landlords the people of Roscommon can boast of – having an independent, comfortable tenantry, the entire of whom can be qualified to register”.

 

To the Editorial of the Freeman                              Finner Carrick on Shannon August 18 1848

 

Dear Sir – Thought you never fail to hold up to public extraction the landlord who oppresses the poor man either by rack rents or by sending himself and family adrift on the world, still I perceive that it is more grateful to you to chronicle the humane and kind actions of the few good landlords we have in Ireland. Hence it is that I trouble you with the present notice. 

Sometime last May, Mr Robert Caddell of Harbourstown, county Meath, visited his estates both in Roscommon and Sligo, which are extensive in both counties. Accompanied by his agent, Mr P O’Reilly, he inspected each tenant’s holding, and though his lands were set a fair rent in the times gone by, still as he came to the conclusion that land, however cheap in times past, could not be considered worth the same rent in those bad times, he generously resolved to share the burden with his tenants, and gave directions to his kind agent to allow the very handsome abatement of 20 per cent to all his tenants paying up to November 1848. 

Besides, he has joined other landlords on is estates in Roscommon in drainage, which is at present going on very spiritedly under the Board of Works, I wish many other landlords in the neighbourhood would follow his noble example.

In 1858, the Caddells sold their county Galway estate of 4,816 acres (parishes of Clonbern, Dunmore and Tuam) in the Encumbered Estates' Court. 

In the 1870s, Richard O'Farrell Caddell, Harbourstown House, Balbriggan, county Dublin is recorded as the owner of over 3000 acres in each of counties Roscommon and Sligo. Following his death at Jachbrook, Bournemouth in England in 1887, the male line died out. The assets of his will exceeded £60,000.

The Caddell estate was then inherited by Sophia Mary M. Caddell (who married Arthur William Jerningham in 1836 and had 3 children). The Caddell estate passed to their daughter Agnes Mary Stanley Jerningham who married Stanley Edward George Cary.

[Researched by Rua Mac Diarmada © 2017]

 

Additional Information
Date of Birth 1780  
Date of Death 17th Jan 1856 VIEW SOURCE
Associated Building (s) Canbo Castle, Finnor House, Harbourstown House STAMULLEN, Ballinvilla townland, Carrowmore townland, Carrowreagh townland, Canbo townland, Drumerr townland, Finnor aka Finner townland, Carrowreagh Corn & Tuck Mills, Harbourstown House  
Father (First Name/s and Surname) Thomas Caddell  
Mother (First Name/s and Maiden) Celia Farrell (sister of James Farrell Esq. of Kilmore Co. Roscommon)  
Townland born Herbertstown, Stamullen, Co. Meath  
Spouse (First Name/s and Maiden/Surname) Paulina Southwell, daughter of the Hon Thomas Arthur Southwell, 2nd Viscount Southwell of Castle Mattress Co Limerick  
Names of Children Sophia Mary Margaret JERNINGHAM1809-99 | Robert O'Ferrall Caddell 1810-87 | Cecilia Mary Caddell (1813-1877) religious author | Paulina Caddell b.1817 a nun VIEW SOURCE
View less entries

References

Caddell Landed Estates Ireland VIEW SOURCE

Comments

  • Thank you Rua for this outline. Harbourstown passed from Agnes to her Great nephew Robert Nicholl later Nicholl-Caddell, my uncle. It was pulled down c. 1944 and one account says the stones were moved by the Cistercian monks in Collon Co Louth to their moastery there.

    Please could you tell me your sources for the information you have kindly provided. I have photographh of the house if you would like a copy please let me know.

    Thank you so much

    Peter

     

    Harbourstown Peter

    Monday 27th August 2018, 05:05PM
  • My pleasure!

    Would love to see a photo of the house! Can you scan it and post it up on the Building Chronicles for Stamullen?

    The Caddells were landlords to my ancestors (one of whom was a middleman / baliff for Sophia Jermingham) so I have been researching them for many years now.  Numerous sources collated into one here ... anything of particular interest to you? Some of the main starting points are:

    Estate Record: Caddell - Landed Estates Database - NUI Galway

    Will abstracts

    Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of Ireland

    Caddell's Folly (photo here).

    Drogheda, Gateway to the Boyne: Paintings and Stories from the Land of Boann

    Thank you for that additional information on your uncle...  Lt. Cdr. Robert A.F. Nicholl-Caddell (1900-1941) ... fascinating!  Would you happen to know if the Caddell 18th and 19th-century estate papers have survived?

    Have you ever seen Thomas Brigford's painted portraits of Richard O'Farrell Caddell and the Hon. Mrs Caddell (held by the Royal HIbernian Academy)?  I would love to put a face to Richard Caddell after all these years.

     

    Rua

    Wednesday 29th August 2018, 02:17AM
  • Good morning Rua and thank you for the links which I will follow up.Sadly I have no record of the estate papers and nor have I copies of thepictures you mentioned.

    I have uploaded pictures of the house I have some more if that would be of interest.

    Best wishes

     

    Peter

     

     

    Harbourstown Peter

    Wednesday 29th August 2018, 07:43AM
  • Thank you, Peter!  I have added to your photo post... a full history, along with more source links you might enjoy. 

    I wonder how the RHA acquired those Caddell portraits? One has to imagine they were hanging on the walls of Harbourstown House once upon a time. Here's hoping the estate papers went with them. The National Archives of Ireland holds Caddell Encumbered Estates’ Court Rentals (O’Brien, 2 Dec 1858, Vol 54, MRGS 39/027).

    Would you also post your photo and story of Lt. Cdr. Robert A.F. Nicholl-Caddell to the Stamullen Ancestor Chronicles? I am sure local historians will enjoy knowing the connection, as there seems to be quite a bit of local interest in the origins of Harbourstown

    Rua

    Thursday 30th August 2018, 03:45AM
  • The article below is from the SS Nerissa website. Robert Nicholl-Caddell of Harbourstown was on the Nerissa when she was torpedoed  http://www.ssnerissa.com/?q=remembering_caddellhttp://www.ssnerissa.com/....

    [Robert was born 23.07.1899 not 1900. See;

                                         The Times of India 2nd August 1899 edn.      'July 23rd at Shillong the wife of BV Nicholl ICS of a son' 

                                         Officers Service Records National Archives ADM 196/147 NICHOLL-CADDELL Surnames of confidential reports Vol H. 

                                          Name: NICHOLL-CADDELL, Robert Arthur Francis
                                          Date of birth: 23.07.1899
                                          Rank: Lieutenant
                                          Date: May 1912]

    ]

     

     

    Lt. Cdr. Robert A.F. Nicholl-Caddell

    Royal Navy (Temp) - HMS Revenge

    < BACK TO REMEMBERING  

     

    Click for a larger version

    Lt. Cdr. Robert Nicholl-Cadell was born in 1900 in the Assam, India where his father Bernard was District Commissioner. Robert's grandfather Iltyd Nicholl was a captain in the Navy. In 1915 Robert's father died and his mother Winifred returned with Robert and his 6 sisters to England. In 1920 Robert inherited a substantial house in Ireland called Harbourstown from his grandmother Cecilia Nicholl (nee Jerningham, the daughter of Admiral Jerningham). Robert married young and lead a fun-loving life - riding horses up and down stairs inside the large house. Robert had three children, Bernard and two girls. The girls never married. Robert's grandson now lives in Australia. The big house in Ireland was pulled down in 1941 presumably following Robert's death. Clearly Robert was a colourful character. I understand he was on the Nerissa being transported home because of ill health. My mother and aunts told me of how when on leave from the convoys he would scream out in fear during the night. One can only bow one's head in deep and silent respect for such men and give thanks for their courage and fortitude.

    Peter Cockerill, nephew.

    Biographical memories of ROBERT ARTHUR FRANCIS NICHOLL-CADDELL

    (b../…/1900, d. 30/04/1941) written for his grandson Brendan by Robert's sister, Joan Huffer.

    He had his mother's hair - thick, with a tendency to curl - in colour, a titian red-gold which was inherited also by my youngest sister, Dorothy (Peter's mother). He had a very infectious laugh, and a smile that wrinkled his eyes to slits. He was a "Romantique", and "idealist" to the end, in spite of the stark sides of life he so often, and so early saw. He was very impatient with mundane life, and despised mediocrity or "meanness". He was fired at once by "great causes" which made him admire communism (we didn't know Stalin as he was, in those days) and join a boat under a commander known as "Potato Jones" which smuggled cargoes of potatoes into Spain for the Republicans, who lacked food.

    Robert was ten years older than me, but treated me as an equal - we had terrific discussions together, and I loved him very much.

    He had a very unstable life from the beginning when he was shunted from India, where he was born, to England where he stayed with "Aunt Lina" in Wimbledon. When he was twelve or thirteen (?) he was sent to the Naval College at Dartmouth. At sixteen (14, if he was born in 1900!) the 1914-1918 war broke out. At that age the "midshipman", which Robert had become, was sent for the first time to a battleship to continue his training and mount in "grade". In Robert's case it was to go straight into "active service" and his ship took part in some of the great naval battles of the time, including Jutland.

    At the end of the war, he went to University (I forget whether Oxford or Cambridge) and won a degree in English Literature. He made friends with various writers and artists - H.G. Wells, Ford Maddox and etc… He himself was very "gifted" - he could write, and draw well. I believe some of his charcoal drawings were accepted by the Academy in Dublin.

    I think he must have met Paulina when he visited Great Aunt Aggie at Harbourstown, but I was still at school then and it is all very vague for me. Anyhow, they met…. Both enjoyed life and friends and joyous company with laughing and lots of drinking ! Paulina's mother, who held court in Dublin and liked to have all promising and gifted young men at her feet, was furious that Robert had fallen for Paulina, and when they decided to marry, turned her out of the house. Robert brought her over to England to "Mudgie" (my mother), in Lyme Regis where they stayed with, or near her in "Woodmead Road". After their marriage they went to Ireland to live at Harbourstown. There, Diana was born. She was mentally handicapped - at 13 she was as a 7-year-old. Dick French (my eldest sister Agnes' husband) who was her guardian, got her into a very good "Home for backward children" run by a Miss Binnie who loved her, and whom she loved. Diana, as she grew up, helped Miss Binnie with the house and the other children. Mudgie often went to see her, and so did my elder sisters - I was at school still and never did. Diana died in her teens { ?? Don 't know about this, as I remember receiving Christmas cards from her when I was at boarding school in the late 1950s and early 1960s}. Then your father was born, and after him another little boy called Iltyd - He was "Mongolian" - really a very beautiful child, I was told - He died as a baby. Robert was always coming and going from and to different places and countries to find work - I can't remember why they left living in Ireland, and why Robert went out to India and met Marcia, and what Paulina was doing. By the way, someone asked if I saw Marcia, or knew what happened to her. I met her once in Paris after the 1940 war. She was still very lovely. We spent an afternoon together and then she went on somewhere else. I heard she had married a brilliant cancer specialist - a Frenchman - but after that I don't know what happened.

    Robert never looked after the land that belonged to Harbourstown, the farm lands were left uncultivated, the woods over-grown, etc. In such cases after some time the government requisitioned the property and the house was pulled down. Robert himself was on the Royal Naval Reserve, and when the last War broke out, he was called up to do active service. Being still young, he was one of a lot (about 30) of other men with wartime experience yet not too old to fight at sea again. He was sent to an ultra-secret base in Northern Ireland to study "radar" which was then unknown. After that he was put in command of a ship, "Lord Essenden" at the head of a flotilla of Scottish trawlers, which were armed with anti-submarine devices and cannons and whose job was to protect the route from Russia to England followed by boats bringing food to the besieged island.

    The work and the climate were terrible. Robert was on the bridge without rest for a week on end, when they went into port for one day and night to take on provisions. The climate in those frozen northern seas was deadly and finally attacked his heart. He was sent to Canada (I don't know why) to be de-mobilised and then on a ship for England. This ship was torpedoed and sunk. Robert, in his condition, had no chance in the icy waters and must have died instantly.

    Some time after this, my mother had a visit from one of the survivors, a man who had made friends with Robert during the voyage. He told my mother "I wanted you to know that my last sight of Robert was from the life boat which had picked up my wife and myself. He was still on the ship helping to put the life boats to sea. He leaned over the rails to shout to me 'Is your wife safely with you ?'. I never saw him again but I wanted you to know this."

    Robert's name is on the Naval War Memorial in Portsmouth and on the War Memorial in Beaconsfield, where we lived at that time.

    NB The insertions in italics are added by Caroline Morgan-Smith, Joan's niece, who transcribed her hand-written notes.

    October 2004

    Notes:

    On the Court of Inquiry - Department of National Defence Naval Service, it shows Lt. Cdr. Nicholl-Cadell under Naval Officers on Board and it also mentions that he was seen dining with Pay Cdr. Nixon prior to 1930 hours. They were detailed to Lifeboat #1 but neither made it to the lifeboat.

    With reference to the comment made by Joan that one of the survivors paid her mother a visit after the war, I think this was Major Robert Stuart-French. There were only two men with wives on the Nerissa, Joseph Lomas, a civilian, and Major Robert Stuart-French. Joseph Lomas and his whole family were lost and also Joy Stuart-French, Robert's wife. Major Stuart-French shows on the Roll of Officers Returning from Italy February 23, 1944. He was in the 11th Hussars.

    Family Contacts:

    Peter Cockerill, nephew of Lt. Cdr. Robert Nicholl-Caddell.
    Caroline Morgan-Smith, niece of Joan Huffer.

     

     

     

     

     

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    http://www.ssnerissa.com/?q=remembering_caddell

     

    Harbourstown Peter

    Thursday 30th August 2018, 08:55AM
  • I have emailed Kate at the RHA re the pictures od the Caddells. Kate is responsible for the Academy but is v. busy at the moment with exhitins being set up.

     

    Peter

    Harbourstown Peter

    Thursday 30th August 2018, 08:57AM
  • Thanks again!

    I have transferred the content of your post about your uncle to the ancestors' archive (along with his photo) and linked it to Harbourstown House. 

    Rua

    Friday 31st August 2018, 05:48AM

Buildings Associated with this Ancestor