Thomas Hayden 1806

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A. Ireland, Civil Registration Deaths Index, 1864-1958 about Thomas Hayden shows he was born 1808 and died 1884 in Thomastown. His father was John Headen (Hayden) born abt 1785 Callaginstown, Killenaule,Tipperary, Republic of Ireland (Ireland)

B. Married Honara Kennedy born 1810 at Kilvermnon,Mullinahone,County Tipperary,Republic of Ireland (Ireland).  Married 1 Mar 1824 at Tipperary, Ireland, Parish of Mullinahone. 

C. Their children were Catherine Hayden (1825-1844 ), Thomas Hayden (1827- 1904), Patrick Hayden (1829- 1901), Mary Hayden (1832-1885 ), James (John) A. Hayden (1833-1905 ), and Michael Hayden (1842- 1917).  All born at Parish of Killenaule.

D. James Hayden was born in 1833 at Killenaule, a small town in the barony of Slievardagh, South Tipperary in Ireland. It is one half of the parish of Killenaule and Moyglass in the Cashel and Emly Archdiocese. It lies at the southwestern edge of the Slieveardagh Hills. Most likely John Hayden lived at Boherlug, Killenaule, Ireland one-eighth mile southwest of the Medieval St. Mary’s Church (now Heritage Center - Site #22103015) near Main and River Streets (source Griffiths Valuation of Ireland - Killenaule, County Tipperary).


The Irish Potato Famine, started in 1845 and lasted until 1849. About one million died and another one million emigrated.

In 1851 at age 18 he settled in America. It is unclear where he first settled. The 1860 US Census lists three possible locations; most likely James Hayden age 26 lived and worked as hostler at a livery stable in St Louis Ward 5, St Louis (Independent City), Missouri. But also a James Hayden, age 27 lived in Third Ward, New York City Minor Civil Division, New York State and another Jas Heydon lived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

He enlisted at age 28 in the Union Army in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania (image shows he lived in Pittsburg). 30 Jul 1861, Company D, Regiment 6, U.S. Cavalry. On 1 Aug 1862 transferred th Company L. General Chaffe was in the same squad serving then as a Sergeant. Hayden became First Sergeant.

Received gunshot wound in left chest at Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 3 Jul 1863. Was missing in action at Fairfield, Pennsylvania 3 Jul 1863.

Captured at Emmettsburg, Maryland and was confined at Richmond, Virginia. Paroled on 2 Aug !863 and reported to Camp Parole, Maryland and rejoined his unit. Discharged 30 Sep 1864 (used accrued leave) in Virginia.

Many who enlisted in 6th Cav were from the Pittsburg area 50 miles to the east of Wellsville, Ohio. Newspaper article about his death indicates he lived in Mansfield the last 35 years of his life (since1870).

James Hayden received a pension payment from 28 Mar 1878 and Mary Hayden, as a widow, a payment from 2 May 1905.

They were married 18 Aug 1864 in East Liverpool, Columbiana County, Ohio.

It is thought that they moved from Wellsville, Ohio to Mansfield before the birth of their second child Ellen on 4 Dec 1869, although it could be before the 12 Jul 1870 US Census and if so both Ellen and Catherine were born in Wellsville.

1880 United States Census: James Hayden 45 is head of household in Mansfield, Richland County, Ohio. Others at this residence are his wife Mary J. Hayden 35; children Catherine E. Hayden 13, Ellen Hayden 10, Mary Jane Hayden 8, John Hayden 4, Edward Hayden 2, and Thomas Hayden 1 month.

1900 US Census shows head of household James Hayden 64 born Ireland (father b. Ireland and mother b. Ireland), Mary J Hayden 52 born Ohio (father b. Canada/Ireland and mother b. Ireland), Catherine Hayden 31, Helen Hayden 30, Mary Hayden 27, Thomas Hayden 19, James A. Hayden 17, and Victor F. Hayden 15. All children born Ohio. James is a salesman, Ellen and Mary Jane are nurses, and Thomas and James A. are tailors. The report shows they live on Wood Street near Cline Avenue, whereas they actually live on Cline Avenue.

James Hayden did not serve with B/General John Morgan July 1863 raids located in Ohio at Buffington Island, St George Creek 19 Jul 1863 and Salineville, Wellsville 26 Jul 1863, as the 6th Cav was not in those engagements since those were Ohio Units. The 6 US Cavalry was a unit of Army Potomac defending Washington, District of Columbia at the time.

Brief History of 6th Regiment Cavalry-Union-US Federal Organized by direction of the President May 4, 1861, and confirmed by Act of Congress July 29, 1861. Regiment organized at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Moved to Washington, D.C., October 12, 1861. Attached to Stoneman’s Cavalry Command, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Emery’s Brigade, Cavalry Reserve, Army Potomac, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Pleasanton’s Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Pleasanton’s Cavalry Division, Army Potomac, to February, 1863. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to June 1865. Frederick, Maryland, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to October, 1865.

Document of War Department Adjunct General 1 Aug 1878, applied for pension No. 250.717:James Hayden enlisted 30 Jul 1861 at Pittsburg Pennsylvania to serve 3 years and was assigned Co. “D” 6th Regiment of US Cavalry, Muster Roll for Sep and Oct 1861 and present same report to 30 Jun 1862. Transferred to Co. “L” 1 Aug 1862 and reports on rolls to 30 Jun 1863. Missing in action at Fairfield, Pennsylvania 3 Jul 1863 and joined back from missing in action 6 Oct 1863 and same report to 30 Jun 1864. Discharged 30 Jul 1864, expiration of service, in field in Virginia as Sergeant. No evidence of Disability as alleged.

Prisoner of War records show him captured at Emmettsburg, Maryland 5 Jul 1863. Confined at Richmond, Virginia 1 Jul 1863. Paroled 2 Aug 1863 and reported Camp Parole, Maryland 3 Aug 1863. No evidence of medical treatment or wound on said record.

Document of Declaration for Original Pension, 29 Apr 1905 by Mary Jane Hayden - James Hayden received gunshot wound in left-chest at the battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on or about 4 Jul 1863 from which he has been disabled and continuos suffers until death relieved him on 26 Apr 1905.

The Washington Post 9 Dec 2004 about US Combat Fatality Rate: Civil War data as follows: Wounded or killed in action 422,295; Killed in action 140,414. The death rate of wounded in the war - did not recover - was 33 per cent.

It is a remarkable story that James Hayden did recover and served the last year of his enlistment and lived for 42 years after the injury.

The four day battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania left a total of 51,000 Union and Confederate soldiers casualties.

Additional Information
Date of Birth 18th Feb 1806  
Date of Death Dec 1884  


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