22nd January 0001
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681bc the death of aed ruadh of the line of ir at the cataract of assaroe on the river erne by ballyshannon

688bc Gaelic Milesian lxii  62nd monarch eire aedh ruadh was the first of them that died eightyeight ard ri na eireann aodh ruadh  Serving third term of three 7 of 9

Dinshenchus topographical poems of eire probably transcribed in 1160ad by giolla gilla na naomh hua duinn 1 of 2

ess duind was formerly its name from dond son of duban son of bile gall liver Roscommon Donegal Ess ruaid assaroe a cataract on the river erne at ballyshannon parish of kilbarron Donegal   Erne dource Fermanagh  a cataract formerly on the erne river I mile west of ballyshannon county donegal that was once celebrated both for its abundance of salmon here the salmon bears the name goll essa ruaid and for its considerable beauty sometimes called cathleens falls in modern times the cataract has been flooded by the hydroelectric project and the salmon pass by on a fish ladder assaroe is one of the places where fionn mac cumhaill is reputed to have caught the magic salmon conall gulban is also reputed to have lived here  

Ess ruaid assaroe at the mouth of the erne anno mundi 5360am 3360bc Sligo femanagh samhair samer the old name of the erne river and the morning star river in county limerick camhair break of day inishsamer is an island near the river erne at enniskilleen one of the most ancient of tribes at ballyshannon county Donegal also a womans name root and origin unknown aed aes ruad red hugh rapids assaroe

o thou that comest from the north ulad surrounded by troops in noble triumph art thou attentive till the hour for sleep to the erne plain tale story of the fierce rapids cathaleens falls the waterfall of red hughs waterfall legend of emain macha his daughter married his brother cimbaeth

21 cycle 3x7 or 28 cycle 4x7 or 7th cycle x 7 = 49 years for the ard ri ship of eire to be in ulaid hands and it revolves back to aed ruad   

Kingship of eire aed ruad dithorba and cimbaeth

Argat mar father of badurn father of aed ruad

Aed king of emain 4470-4518am anno mundi founded by his daughter macha

Ess ruiad what ruaid owned its rapids who visited the fair formed haven was it man or woman of forgotten power that gave the mound its noble name

gaia matricarchial or patriarchial power argat mar father of badurn father of

Aed ruad badurns comely son since his day the royal site rapids have lost their vehemence

Aed ruad aed king of emain founded by his daughter macha

on their bank it was a delorous event stands his mound and his noble monument       kingship of iere eire cimbaeth and dithorba and aed ruad  I have not heard on land or lovely sea of any of the children of ir or eber that could attain a third part of the beauty of generous aed lord even of emain a bitter pang aroused aed rich with a good fathers wealth when he plunged into the …… rapids to his judgement and destruction thus came argatmans grandson to the doom of chill death his name abides on his rapids the name of the brave dead man unblamed then was dug on the hill the grave of aed covered by a single cloak a dead warrior was buried in his cloak and there above that one mans comely face not body stands his honoured mound

5-7 hither chanced to come in after days the daughter of maine mil scothach  scottii tribe antrim ulad scotstown a slumber lulled her in her turn ruad was her name her first husbands time  she fared her way wandering afar the worshipful maiden they acclaim when she gave that great love in vain to aed sconmar son of labraid from mag moen scene of mighty battles the daughter of mighty maine mane mighty mane horse from sea the tapered finger came on a path of happy love leaving on her left hand eirn of the red weapons from antrim to ballyshannon she crossed the waves that laughed at her in the ship of abcan the arch poet till that fair and modest maiden happened upon the famous bay ruad knew not whose was the country nor the harbour till she chanced on it but she asked in no uncertain wise way that the river should be her freehold I don’t know where I am but I want this as my free ownership  then she fell asleep among the streams of the eddying bay she perished lamentably in her boat of fair bronze   tin copper metal    the maiden with the white hands  not red hands   bright and good never reached the hero her lover she leapt overboard not mastered by a spell but at the doleful muse of the fairy mounds she heard the mermaids melody selkie negative energy so from her without utterance or falsehood comes the name of ess ruaid with its greatness her death without clear claim of kinship have I told to thee good sir be my soul with the in holy heaven o hospitable and loving lord o king of stars chirst poor birth and wonders that art of higher birth gaelic kingship than any man

the Bodleian dinnshenchas author whitley stokes p469 in the name of the father and the son and the holy ghost amen this below the story of the noteworthy steeds of eire which amirgin macauley a poet of the desi to wit the poet of diarmait son of cerball composed he it is who made demand of fintan son of bochra at tara when there was a great gathering of the folk of erin round diarmait son of cerball and flann febla son of scannlan saint patricks successor and cennfaelad son of ailill son of eogan son of niall and fintan son of bochra the chief elder of eire and amirgin fasted on fintan for three days and three nights in the presence of the men of erin both boys and girls at tara so that fintan might declare to him the true stories of the noteworthy steads of the island of erin since he fintan had dismissed ? every person and every tribe from it from the time of cessair the maiden of the greeks of Scythia she was the first that occupied eire to the reign of diarmait son of cerball hence said the poet cuan ua lochan tara teltown land of assembly etc

p506 42 ess ruaid ruad daughter of maine miloscothach son of donn dessa chose aed son of labraid speckle thigh son of roga rodam she came out of illathach of mag moin in the boat of abcan the poet she went with gaeth son of gass glan to oenach fer fidga the girl alone hoisted her sail of bronze on her boat and went to the river mouth and aed from the seat whereon he was perceived her the girl knew not on what land she had chanced till she heard in the river mouth a burden of seamaids which no one else had ever heard therein said the girl this is the brightest inver in erin and she fell asleep and tumbled over the bow of her vessel and was drowned hence ess ruaid ruads cataract has been so called ruad was queen with fame daughter of maine milscothach  a swift wave of the flood drowned her the wife of the son of labraid lessbrecc or this is truer aed the red son of badurn of ulster was drowned there while swimming the cataract hence it was named ess ruaid ruads cataract

2 of 2 7-9 ess ruad ii soldier warrior story there came a soldier to aed ruad if any care to hear tell of him a match for a hundred men was the goodly soldier and the wage of a hundred men satisfied him to have one mans portion of meat and drink to be a match for a hundred in hour of weapons those were the soldiers terms that came one day to aed unfamiliar here is the story of the soldier of the troop grit son of badorn though he did the deed openly few there are that know of it stay with me for a year and thou shalt have this fair soldier bind on us all thine asking and perform all thy promise  at the years end the blameless soldier demanded his wages I will never give quoth aed aught but the like wage as any soldier gets while they were in quarrel thereabout in the same way after the year was done the king of the strongholds and tower entered the rapids to bathe up rose the soldier fiercely holding his tall spear shafts he roused his sureities against aed in the presence of the men of erin thou that set the sea against me said the comely high king of erin thou shalt never get from me aught but the same as any soldier he set the sea against him in presence of the men of erin so that aed ruad was drowned by the flood of the erne water every year the water for the sake of the soldiers wage the name eas ruaid fixed from that day upon the rapid and shall abide for ever

Ess duind was formerly its name from dond son of duban son of bile   The first blameless soldier to receive hire for wage was fiacha son of nemed

lough conn   before all of the race of laigin was that soldier  He went from the rick after this and celebrated the easter eostre at achad fobair now achagower in county mayo Patrick and Brigit along with him went to ess ruaid and he desired Christianisation to erect a church and a cloister there at a place wherein today is disert patraic

Cairbre son of niall rejected him and he sent two of his people to expel him carbaic and cuangus cu angus were their names what thou hast done is not good saith Patrick hadst thou permitted me to settle here ballyshannon Donegal enniskilleen Fermanagh my city with its river of ess ruaid erne enniskilleen Fermanagh through the middle thereof boa island stone idol heart shaped head two hands X shape would have been a second rome of latium with its tiber flowing through it and thy descendants would have been my successors therein but coirpre refused that  now partick blessed conall son of nail on sith aeda aed ruadh now mullaghshee at ballyshannon on which the parish church stands then patricks hands were falling on the head of Fergus and conall had wonder thereat ut dixit so that sacred seal of approval patricus a man child shall be born of his family he will be a sage a prophet a poet dear the luminary pure bright who will not utter falsehood the tripartite life of Patrick with other documents relating to that saint edited by whitley stokes  

89 aed son of badarn over banba a reckoning of thrice seven free valorous the death of the king of cruel mag cetne in eas ruaid of royal wisdom who was drowned at eas ruadh or assaroe now ballyshannon in the county of Donegal ie of drowning he died in eas ruaidh and his body was buried in that hill sidh unde sidh aedha aedhs hill and es ruadh or the redhaired mans cataract this aedh left no children but one daughter macha mong ruadh that is redhaired macha was her name

75 loch ndechet  dechet son of dergor the rath builder of glas son of cas tis he that erected suide aeda aeds seat over ess ruaid ruads cataract after he had done his work for aed the red son of badurn he demanded his reward to wit the produce of the cataract the salmon which was given him and afterwards a tower was erected by the children of ailill that the men of Connaught might have no quarrelling or contention about the produce of ess ruaid  dechet was still demanding the wage for the work he had done and there was given to him the land as far as mag lunga that is mog loingthea the plain of eating for tis there that he consumed his food and his liquor and then he fared forth in the frenzy of his intoxication to the lake and therein he was drowned whence loch dechet the Bodleian dinnshenchas author whitley stokes p469 in the name of the father and the son and the holy ghost amen this below the story of the noteworthy steeds of eire which amirgin macauley a poet of the desi to wit the poet of diarmait son of cerball composed he it is who made demand of fintan son of bochra at tara when there was a great gathering of the folk of erin round diarmait son of cerball and flann febla son of scannlan saint patricks successor and cennfaelad son of ailill son of eogan son of niall and fintan son of bochra the chief elder of eire and amirgin fasted on fintan for three days and three nights in the presence of the men of erin both boys and girls at tara so that fintan might declare to him the true stories of the noteworthy steads of the island of erin since he fintan had dismissed ? every person and every tribe from it from the time of cessair the maiden of the greeks of Scythia she was the first that occupied eire to the reign of diarmait son of cerball hence said the poet cuan ua lochan tara teltown land of assembly etc

p496 31 loch ndechet dechet the rath builder of glass son of cass erected suide aeda aeda seat over ess ruaid ruads cataract after he had done his work for aed the red son of badurn son of maine milscothach he demanded the price of his work to wit the produce of the cataract aed gave it to him lest the men of Connaught should have a quarrel about the produce of ess ruaid for that reason the tower was erected by the children of ailill he dechet was still demanding the wage for the work he had done there was given to him the land as far as mag lunga that is as far as the plain of eating loingthe so called because it was there that he consumed his food and his drink until he was drunk and merry minded with ale with milk with broth with fish then he went into a frenzy of madness till he reached the lough and was drowned therein hence as stories tell lough dechet is so called  dechet went on a foolish path  after consuming his days provisions    in confusion without delight of conflicts  so that lough dechet drowned him   hence loch ndechet is said

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