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A snapshot of pre-famine local history, as described in the "Topographical Dictionary of Ireland" by Samuel Lewis, 1837. (The information collected here was submitted by members of the local gentry and clergy of the time).

BALLINCALLA, or BALLINCHOLLA, a parish partly in the barony of ROSS, county of GALWAY, but chiefly in that of KILMAINE, county of MAYO, and province of CONNAUGHT, 2 miles (S. W.) from Ballinrobe on the road to Cong; containing 3031 inhabitants

It comprises 7102 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act: about one-half of the land is under tillage, one-fourth is pasture, and the remainder waste mountain and bog. A fair is held at Lough Mask on the 20th of September.

It is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Tuam, and forms part of the union of Kilmolara : the tithes amount to £328. The glebe-house of the union is situated here, and was erected by aid of a gift of £400 and a loan of £398 from the late Board of First Fruits, in 1819 : the glebe comprises 20 acres.

In the Roman Catholic divisions it is part of the union or district called the Neale.

There is one pay-school, in which are about 80 males and 15 females.

On the borders of Lough Mask are some remains of an old castle.

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