Tithe Applotment Survey of Killummod

17th May 1828
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Compiled in the 1820-30s, tythes were a form of local tax for occupiers of agricultural land. Anyone with a holding of land greater than 1 acre was obliged to pay tithes as maintenance for the Church of Ireland (then responsible for poor relief in the parish). The tithes were calculated on the average price of oats (the principal type of "corn" grown in this district at that time) for the 7 years ending in November 1821. They were to collect 42 pounds in tithes, payable to the Lord Viscount Lucan of Rockingham, Boyle (from whom the rector of Killummod could then claim). They submitted their returns to Lorton in May 1828.

The Commissioners for the first Composition of Tithes in the civil parish of Killummod in the Diocese of Elphin to be appointed in April 1827 were:

  • John Lloyd Esq. of Smithhill, Elphin (clerk) who was the father of the Rev. John Lloyd of Smith hill murdered in 1847.  
  • Thomas Roycroft Esq. of Danesfort. They both had to swear that they possessed a Clear Personal Estate of one thousand pounds (over and above all outstanding debts and incumbrances) to qualify for the position. 

The Tithe Applotment Books are a vital source for genealogical research for the pre-Famine period. The manuscripts lists under the name of each townland (or sub-townland): the landholders' names, the amount of land held (in Irish plantation acres), the quality of the land (1st, 2nd class etc) and the sums to be paid in tithes. The books provide only the name of the head representative of each farm and not other family members (or partners sharing the farm). To discover other family names that may have resided in a given townland at this time, church records and Griffith's Valuation can help fill in the gap. Very often among poorer families farms were shared in a rundale clachán (a family co-operative of in-laws). Some who should have fallen liable managed to avoid the list. Urban areas were not included. 

The manuscripts books for Killummod from this time have not been digitally imaged, click here for the 1842 tithe registers for Killummod



 

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